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Family Scombridae, also referred to as albacore fish, longfin, albies and pigfish. Lengths range up to 140 cm (4.5 feet) and weights up to 45 kg (99 lb.).
When hooked it strikes fast, fights hard, and often dives for the bottom. Fishing methods include trolling near the surface with lures, spoons, plugs, jigs or strip baits. The Amberjack is very similar in appearance and closely related to the Kingfish (Seriola Lalandi).
Great barracudas often grow over 6 feet (1.8 m) long and are a type of ray-finned fish.
The term billfish is applied to a number of different large, predatory fish characterised by their large size and their long sword-like bill. Billfish include the sailfish and marlin, which make up the family Istiophoridae.
The Black Marlin is one of the fastest fish on earth reaching speeds up to 80 mph or 128km/h.
The Indo-pacific blue marlin is closely related to the Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) Females can grow up to four times the weight of males, reaching between 540–1,800 kilograms.
The bludger is classified within a group of fish commonly known as jacks and trevallies. The bludger is considered a good game fish, but generally regarded as poor eating due to its soft oily flesh, which is used as bait by many anglers. The name ‘bludger’ refers to the blunt head of the species. Growing to at least 90 cm in length and reaching a recorded maximum weight of 14.5 kg.
Also known as the banded trevally and barred trevally, is a common widespread species of pelagic marine fish classified in the jack family ‘Carangidae’. Found in waters to depths of 60 m, generally inhabiting reefs, beaches, lagoons and sandy substrates. The blue trevally is a predatory fish, taking other fish, prawns, crabs and molluscs.
Bonefish are considered to be among the world's premier fly game-fish and are highly sought after by anglers. Also known as "phantom" or "gray ghost", they are probably pound for pound the strongest and fastest moving animal of any salt-water fish. Primarily caught for sport on a catch & release basis. Weight up to 10 kilograms (22 lb.) - length to 104 cm.
Bonitos are migratory, schooling, pelagic fishes. They feed on smaller pelagic fishes and on squid, usually near the surface. More generally, bonito can refer to any of various scombroid fishes related to but smaller than tuna.
The copper shark, bronze whaler, or narrow-tooth shark is a species of requiem shark and the only member of its genus found mostly at temperate latitudes. A good fighting fish to catch the Bronze Whaler is a fast-swimming predator that often hunts in large groups, utilizing their numbers to their advantage.
Also known as Black Kingfish, Black Salmon, Ling, Lemon Fish and crab eaters, closely resembling but not related to the Remora. Attaining a maximum length of 2 metres (78 inches) and maximum weight of 68 kilograms (150 pounds).
Also referred to as the leopard coral grouper or leopard coral trout. Native to the Indo-Pacific Ocean, its natural habitat includes open seas and coral reefs. Coral trout are piscivorous; juveniles mostly eat crustaceans, especially prawns, and adults feed upon a variety of reef fish, particularly damselfish.
Other names Orange-spotted Grouper, Brown-spotted Cod and is a protected species in all NSW waters. The Estuary Cod has a brownish coloured body and orange spots which cover the entire body and head. Mainly found in estuaries and silty reef habitats and adults can be found offshore at depths of up to 100m.
Flathead are dorsally compressed, meaning their body is wide but flattened and very low in height. Both eyes are on the top of the flattened head, giving excellent binocular vision to attack overhead prey.
Also known as the GT, giant kingfish and barrier trevally and a member of the jack family ‘Carangidae’. Distinguished by its steep head profile and strong tail scutes the GT is the largest fish in the genus Caranx, growing to a maximum known size of 170 cm and a weight of 80 kg.
Associated with reefs and usually found within the upper ten m (30 ft.) of the surface. Golden Trevally are schooling fish which often follow other large fish, such as sharks, as well as SCUBA divers for protection from predators. They feed on small fishes and on benthic crustaceans and other invertebrates. Juvenile individuals may be found living in the tentacles of jellyfish.
Also known as the ‘Orange Spotted Trevally’. Most common in inshore waters over rocky and coral reefs where it is found both solitary and in schools at depths of 2 to 50 m.
Family name - Lutjanidae (tropical snappers and sea perches). Most tropical snappers and sea Perch are easy to identify by their adult colouration.
Obsolete Names include -Long-nosed emperor, long nose snapper and longnose sweetlip.
Best fishing methods are in shallow waters on lighter tackle ranging from 4-10kg. Small bait-casters and spinning is also ideal.
Tropical in Indo/Pacific waters known generally as tonggol tuna. Also referred to in Australia as the Northern or Atlantic Bluefin Tuna.
(Also called Alligator Gar)- Long Tom are often a by catch when fishing for estuary species as they hunt bait fish over sand and seagrass beds. Long Tom will strike enthusiastically at surface lures and once hooked they put on a spectacular display of leaps and fast dashes but tire quickly.
The mahi-mahi is not related to the Dolphin family of mammals. Also referred to as Dorado. Distinguished by dazzling colours, the mature males have prominent foreheads while the females have a rounded head and usually smaller than males.
Mackerel tuna can be recognised by the pattern of broken diagonal lines on the upper sides and two or five dark spots above the pelvic fin. They are members of the very important family Scombridae that includes all mackerel, tuna and bonito.
A member of the grouper family and also one of the largest and most common cod found in tropical estuaries and on coastal reefs. It can reach a length of over 1.2m and weight over 150kg. The Malabar grouper is olive-green, with a number of brown spots randomly scattered. As voracious predators, they feed on fish, crustaceans and, occasionally, cephalopods.
Commonly called Mangrove Jack within Australia, the Mangrove red snapper is an explosive and powerful sport fish that is renowned for its superb eating and fighting qualities.
Reaches a maximum length of approximately 1.2 metres and 16 kg in weight.
Milkfish have a generally symmetrical and streamlined appearance, with a sizable forked caudal fin. They can grow to 1.70 m (5 ft. 7 in) but are most often about 1 metre in length. They have no teeth and generally feed on algae and invertebrates. Alternative names include Bandang, Giant Herring, Moreton Bay Salmon, Salmon Herring.
Also referred to in Australia as the Northern or Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus).
Fish that live and hunt in the open water and not on the bottom or near a reef. These fish are called pelagic, after the Greek word for "open sea" and include sailfish, marlin and tuna. Pelagic fish can be both predator and prey i.e. sardines and anchovies.
Considered one of the world’s premier light tackle game fish and fly fishing targets. Methods to target permit specifically are only just now being developed by forward thinking guides and anglers.
Permit (or snub nosed dart) are caught to 8kg, and are usually released.
Also referred to in Australian waters as red bream or pinkies. They are long-lived, reportedly up to 35 years, and slow-growing. In the Western Australia waters they reach legal catch size at about four years old. Although being near the top of the food chain, the Snapper may fall prey for large estuary cod, dolphins and sharks.
The Queenfish or "queenie" is popularly known in the Northern Territory and other parts of tropical Australia as the "skinny fish" or "skinny". Inhabits coastal waters, frequently near reefs and offshore islands and is a good fighting fish on a light tackle.
Aso referred to sometimes as White-blotched grouper. Living in or close to reef systems in both deep and shallow water environment. Feeding on small fish and crabs.
Sailfish are the genus Istiophorus, living in warmer sections of all the oceans of the world. They are predominately blue to grey in colour and have a characteristic erectile dorsal fin known as a sail, which often stretches the entire length of the back. Another notable characteristic is the elongated bill, resembling that of the swordfish and other marlins. They are therefore described as billfish in sport fishing circles.
They form schools near individual bays and reefs in Barrier and Fringing Reef waters. A good fighting fish to catch on light tackle.
A fast and dirty fighter providing good sport on light lines. Australian record 10kg.
Also known as the Arctic Bonito, Oceanic Bonito, Striped Tuna or ‘stripies’, grows up to 1 m (3 ft.) in length.
More commonly referred to in WA as the nor-west snapper, or nor-wester. Others include tricky snapper - perhaps from the less successful anglers who pursue them. Other less common names include sand snapper and yellow sweetlip.
Also referred to as Spaniards, Spotties, Schoolies and the Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel.
The striped marlin is a predator that hunts during the day from close to the surface to about 100 metres deep.
Pelagic and seasonally migratory, it tends to be a loner or travel in small groups of 2 to 6
Found in pelagic waters of tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide. Also referred to as ‘albacora’ by French and Portuguese fishermen. The Yellowfin tuna is one of the largest tuna species, reaching weights of over 300 pounds (136 kg), but is significantly smaller than the Atlantic and Pacific Bluefin tunas.
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